More than 20 years have eclipsed since the introduction of the commercialization and restructuring of the state-owned enterprise act "PKP – Polish State Railways". This document initiated the greatest railway reform in Poland. Its assumptions influenced the fundamental shape of the railway transport system in Poland. It is a good time to summarize and discuss the future of this transport mode in Poland and Europe during our 20th Anniversary. In the upcoming years, the PKP Group, which is one of the largest beneficiaries of EU funds, will face many challenges and opportunities. The debate participants will face questions on how to use the gained experience so that the PKP Group could develop and strengthen its market position.